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GNU screen [quick_reference]

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quick_reference [2017/05/16 13:20]
91.225.165.141
quick_reference [2018/01/11 15:01] (current)
128.214.166.186
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-====== screen Quick Reference ====== +====== SCREEN Quick Reference ======
-How to Navigate, copy & paste content?+
-within screen sessions: +===== Getting in test ====
-Cntl a + [  : To start navigation using up/down arrow +
-Press Space bar: To select content starting position +
-Press Space bar again: To select a block of content +
-Cntl a + ] : To paste the selected content +
- +
-===== Getting in =====+
| start a new screen session with session name | ''screen -S //<name>//'' | | start a new screen session with session name | ''screen -S //<name>//'' |
| list running sessions/screens | ''screen -ls'' | | list running sessions/screens | ''screen -ls'' |
| attach to a running session | ''screen -x'' | | attach to a running session | ''screen -x'' |
-| ... to session with name | ''screen -r //<name>//'' |+| attach to session //name// | ''screen -r //<name>//'' |
| the "ultimate attach" | ''screen -dRR'' (Attaches to a screen session.  If the session is attached elsewhere, detaches that other display.  If no session exists, creates one.  If multiple sessions exist, uses the first one.) | | the "ultimate attach" | ''screen -dRR'' (Attaches to a screen session.  If the session is attached elsewhere, detaches that other display.  If no session exists, creates one.  If multiple sessions exist, uses the first one.) |
- 
-| detach a running session | ''screen -d //<name>//'' | 
===== Escape key ===== ===== Escape key =====
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to the programs in screen, use ''C-a a''. This is useful when working with screen within screen. For example ''C-a a n'' will move screen to a new window on the screen within screen. to the programs in screen, use ''C-a a''. This is useful when working with screen within screen. For example ''C-a a n'' will move screen to a new window on the screen within screen.
-XYETA+===== Getting out =====
-===== Help ====+| detach | ''[[commands:detach|C-a d]]'' | 
 +| detach and logout (quick exit) | ''[[commands:pow_detach|C-a D D]]'' | 
 +| exit screen | ''[[commands:quit|C-a \]]'' Exit all of the programs in screen. (//not// recommended) |  
 +| force-exit screen | ''[[commands:quit|C-a C-\]]'' (//not// recommended) | 
 +| getting out of the screen session | exit |
-| See help | ''[[commands:help|C-a ?]]'' (lists keybindings) | +===== Window Management =====
- +
-The [[man:start|man page]] is the complete reference, but it's very long.+
-XYETA+| create new window | ''[[commands:screen|C-a c]]'' | 
 +| change to last-visited active window | ''[[commands:other|C-a C-a]]'' (commonly used to flip-flop between two windows) | 
 +| change to window by number | ''[[commands:select|C-a <number>]]'' (only for windows 0 to 9) | 
 +| change to window by number or name | ''[[commands:select|C-a ' <number or title>]]'' | 
 +| change to next window in list | ''[[commands:next|C-a n]]'' or ''[[commands:next|C-a <space>]]'' | 
 +| change to previous window in list | ''[[commands:prev|C-a p]]'' or ''[[commands:prev|C-a <backspace>]]'' | 
 +| see window list     | ''[[commands:windowlist|C-a "]]'' (allows you to select a window to change to) | 
 +| show window bar       | ''[[commands:windows|C-a w]]'' (if you don't have window bar) | 
 +| close current window  | Close all applications in the current window (including shell) | 
 +| kill current window   | ''[[commands:kill|C-a k]]'' (not recommended) | 
 +| kill all windows   | ''[[commands:kill|C-a \]]'' (not recommended) | 
 +| rename current window | ''[[commands:title|C-a A]]'' |
===== Split screen ===== ===== Split screen =====
| split display horizontally  | ''[[commands:split|C-a S]]'' | | split display horizontally  | ''[[commands:split|C-a S]]'' |
-| split display vertically    | ''[[commands:split|C-a | or C-a V (for the vanilla vertical screen patch)]]'' |+| split display vertically    | ''[[commands:split|C-a |]]'' or ''[[commands:split|C-a V]]'' (for the vanilla vertical screen patch) |
| jump to next display region | ''[[commands:focus|C-a tab]]'' | | jump to next display region | ''[[commands:focus|C-a tab]]'' |
| remove current region       | ''[[commands:remove|C-a X]]'' | | remove current region       | ''[[commands:remove|C-a X]]'' |
| remove all regions but the current one | ''[[commands:only|C-a Q]]'' | | remove all regions but the current one | ''[[commands:only|C-a Q]]'' |
 +
 +===== Clipboard and Navigation =====
 +
 +| freely navigate buffer | ''[[commands:copy|C-a [ ]]'' or ''[[commands:copy|C-a <esc>]]'' |
 +| toggle selection to copy | ''[[commands:copy|space]]'' |
 +| paste                       | ''[[commands:copy|C-a ] ]]''  |
 +
 +===== Help =====
 +
 +| See help | ''[[commands:help|C-a ?]]'' (lists keybindings) |
 +
 +The [[man:start|man page]] is the complete reference.
===== Scripting ===== ===== Scripting =====
-# the screen name session has to be valid or else, message: No screen session found.+ 
 +To any session //name//,
| send a command to a named session                | ''screen -S //<name>// -X //<command>//'' | | send a command to a named session                | ''screen -S //<name>// -X //<command>//'' |
| create a new window and run //ping example.com// | ''screen -S //<name>// -X screen //ping example.com//'' | | create a new window and run //ping example.com// | ''screen -S //<name>// -X screen //ping example.com//'' |
| stuff characters into the input buffer\\ using bash to expand a newline character\\ ([[http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/screen-users/2007-06/msg00012.html|from here]]) | <code bash>screen -S <name> [-p <page>] -X stuff $'quit\r'</code> | | stuff characters into the input buffer\\ using bash to expand a newline character\\ ([[http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/screen-users/2007-06/msg00012.html|from here]]) | <code bash>screen -S <name> [-p <page>] -X stuff $'quit\r'</code> |
-| a full example | <code bash>+ 
 + 
 +A full example
 + 
 +<code bash>
# run bash within screen # run bash within screen
screen -AmdS bash_shell bash screen -AmdS bash_shell bash
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# stuff 'exit\n' to exit bash session # stuff 'exit\n' to exit bash session
screen -S bash_shell -X stuff $'exit\r' screen -S bash_shell -X stuff $'exit\r'
-</code> |+</code>
===== Misc ===== ===== Misc =====
| redraw window               | ''[[commands:redisplay|C-a C-l]]'' | | redraw window               | ''[[commands:redisplay|C-a C-l]]'' |
-| enter copy mode | ''[[commands:copy|C-a []]'' or ''[[commands:copy|C-a <esc>]]'' (also used for viewing scrollback buffer) | 
-| paste                       | ''[[commands:paste|C-a ] ]]''  | 
| monitor window for activity | ''[[commands:monitor|C-a M]]'' | | monitor window for activity | ''[[commands:monitor|C-a M]]'' |
| monitor window for silence  | ''[[commands:silence|C-a _]]'' | | monitor window for silence  | ''[[commands:silence|C-a _]]'' |
| enter digraph (for producing non-ASCII characters) | ''[[commands:digraph|C-a C-v]]'' | | enter digraph (for producing non-ASCII characters) | ''[[commands:digraph|C-a C-v]]'' |
-| lock (password protect) display | ''[[commands:lockscreen|C-a x]]'' |+| lock (password protect) session | ''[[commands:lockscreen|C-a x]]'' |
| enter screen command        | ''[[commands:colon|C-a :]]'' | | enter screen command        | ''[[commands:colon|C-a :]]'' |
-| enable logging in the screen session | C-a H | +| enable logging in the screen session | ''[[commands:logging|C-a H]]'' |
-| getting out of the screen session | exit | +
===== Scrollback-buffer ===== ===== Scrollback-buffer =====
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In copy mode, one can navigate the scrollback buffer in various ways: In copy mode, one can navigate the scrollback buffer in various ways:
-| half page up | C-u | +| half page up | C-u |          | half page down | C-d | 
-| half page down | C-d | +| back | C-b |                  | forward | C-f |
-| back | C-b | +
-| forward | C-f |+
| cursor left/down/up/right | h/j/k/l | | cursor left/down/up/right | h/j/k/l |
- 
 
quick_reference.1494940851.txt.gz · Last modified: 2017/05/16 13:20 by 91.225.165.141
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